Chalk drawing can be messy (although it does wash out easily!) - wearing old clothes and/or smocks will give the children more freedom to enjoy the activity. Try to obtain pavement chalk - it is less likely to break, it is thicker and young children will find it easier to grasp. Children who have disabilities which affect the muscles strength in their hands and fingers may also find pavement chalk easier to handle. Encourage the children to experiment. Provide them with the opportunity to draw on different surfaces, and on different planes (e.g. vertically on walls or easels, and horizontally on concrete paving or on paper on a table.) They may also like to try drawing with the sides of the chalk on the drawing surface - this produces a thicker line and results in quicker coverage of areas they want to fill. Chalk used in this way can also be used for rubbings.
- Help the children select a flat textured object – e.g. coins, leaves, shapes cut out of corrugated cardboard and/or sandpaper, and then arrange them on a flat surface.
- Tape a sheet of paper over the arrangement of objects.
- Children can use the chalk to rub over the surface of the paper revealing the textures underneath.
Variation: Tape paper directly onto a textured surface, e.g. a tree trunk with textured bark - children can then use chalk to do a rubbing of the surface.
You can also experiment with wetting the chalk and/or the drawing surface for different effects.